Understanding of Chronic Leukemia ~ Leukemia is a blood and bone marrow disease that occurs on the background of genetic predisposition to cancer. Leukemia affects the cellular maturation process, which causes the accumulation of immature blood cells in the bone marrow and in the blood. In some cases, it causes incomplete leukemic cells to multiply very rapidly, while in other cases, the abnormal blood cells have extended life and persists in different locations within the body. Incomplete blood cells can not replace normal blood cells because they can not perform their duties. The cells affected by leukemia are therefore incompatible with the body and can cause serious damage.
Judging by the speed of development and persistence of the disease, there are two types of leukemia: acute leukemia and chronic leukemia. Judging by the types of stem cells affected by the disease, lymphocytic leukemia can be as or myelogenous.
Acute leukemia is different from chronic leukemia by the levels that stem cells are able to reach in their development (cells that have defects still manage to partially develop and either resemble immature cells or of whole blood cells, white normal stem).
It is manifested by the overpopulation of immature blood cells that are unable to perform the normal functions of blood cells. In the case of acute leukemia, the bone marrow is unable to produce a normal amount of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Patients suffering from leukemia also develop anemia, a deficiency normal red blood cells. In addition, a decrease in white blood cells decreases the ability of the organism to overcome the infection, while lack of platelets facilitates inflammation and bleeding.
Chronic leukemia tends to develop more slowly than acute leukemia. In the case of chronic leukemia, the body is capable of producing cells that are more mature than those produced in acute leukemia. form of chronic lymphocytic leukemia is known to affect a type of blood cell called a lymphocyte B. The disease weakens the immune system, interfere with the normal activity of the spinal cord and facilitates the access of harmful cells to body organs. The presence of chronic lymphocytic leukemia is usually revealed by blood tests and careful body examinations. As in other forms of the disease, chronic leukemia requires immediate treatment and specific therapy.