Circumstances have changed considerably with the oil boom of the 1970s, the discovery of vast reserves of oil and gas in the sub-Saharan countries strategically important transformed his fortunes overnight. The harvest has transformed the agricultural landscape of Nigeria in a giant oil field crossed by over 7,000 km of pipes connecting 6,000 oil wells, two refineries, pumping stations and countless export terminals. Unfortunately, the obsession with non-renewable on all other sectors of the economy finally became a blessing bans Nigeria. New wealth generated political instability and massive corruption in government circles, and the country was torn by decades of violent civil war and successive military coups State. Modernization of agriculture and continued support remain low in the list of national priorities that vast tracts of rural Nigeria gradually plunged into poverty and food shortages. The fall in Nigerian agriculture coincided with the collapse of its macro-economic and human development indicators. With income distribution concentrated in a few urban pockets, the majority of rural Nigeria was left suffering from massive shortages poverty, unemployment and food. The growing urban-rural divide has sparked social unrest and mass migration to cities. The World Bank created the term "Nigerian Paradox" specifically to describe the sole condition of underdevelopment and extreme poverty in a resourceful and potential countries. The country is 80th ranked in the UNDP's 2007 survey against poverty covering 108 countries.
Abuja urgency for inclusive growth was prominently to the adoption of an ambitious project to reverse the trends and take advantage of a stagnant economy. The document Vision 2020 adopted under former President Obasanjo established the general parameters for sustainable development, with the specific aim to establish Nigeria as a global economic superpower limited time. Growing economies usually start with an initial agricultural revolution: The case of Nigeria, however, calls for agriculture to be part of a partnership greatest revolution that takes advantage of the vast resources of the nation and human capital effectively.
The complexity of the issues involved here is reflected in the fact that the National Programme for the Eradication of Poverty 2001 identifies agriculture and rural development as their main field of interest. Agricultural expansion is essential to economic prosperity throughout West Africa, given the crippling poverty levels in the region. The 2003 conference organized by the NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa's Development) in South Africa has urged the promotion of cassava as a tool to eradicate poverty across the continent. The recommendation is based on a strategy that focuses on the markets, the private sector and the research initiative to conduct a pan-African cassava. The NEPAD initiative has a strong relevance for Nigeria, the largest producer of cassava in the world. With its large population and extensive rural land, the country has an unprecedented opportunity to transform the humble cassava for industrial raw material for domestic and international markets. There is a growing and well justified belief that culture can transform rural economies, stimulate rapid economic and industrial growth and help disadvantaged communities. While production increased steadily between 1980 and 2002, from 10,000 to over 35,000 MT MT, there is room for a significant increase even more, bringing more land under cassava. Nigeria takes giant step towards inclusive and sustainable development simply through intelligent and judicious promotion of cassava.
Here are some of the most urgent needs for a successful revolution in Nigerian agriculture:
Active promotion and creation of agro-industries that create jobs, support local food needs and stimulate exports.
effective measures to modernize and diversify the agricultural economy as a means of growth in activity in areas of the auxiliary juxtaposition.
the establishment of a tariff system that favors local products against cheaper imports and the removal of institutional barriers against agricultural profitability.
Grants for equipment and practices that help increase productivity without adverse side effects technologically advanced ecological farming.
A relief the aegis of the poverty program specifically designed to promote land reform and at the same time improving the quality of life of rural communities.
Improving access to agricultural business loans through a network of sympathetic regulated credit institutions to the agricultural realities.
adult education programs designed to help Nigerian farmers switch to locally relevant methods, but modern agriculture, marketing and distribution.
encouraging both the public and private sector agricultural research to address technological issues faced by local farming communities.
If the agricultural potential of Nigeria is huge, it is partly because more than 90% of its 91 million hectares of total arable land. As soil fertility is usually felt on the underside, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) provides medium and high efficiency across the country with the optimal use of resources. Combined with the large rural population of Nigeria, traditionally involved in agriculture, this projection translates into huge opportunities in terms of agricultural productivity and, by extension, economic growth. For a nation emerging from a troubled past and struggle to achieve social stability, political and economic ideals of agricultural and entrepreneurial revolution hold vital. Because they are also inextricably linked in the Nigerian context, the country's future position in the global economy literally depends on the generosity of their harvest.